What is plantar fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis is inflammation in the plantar fascia, a tough, broad ligament on the bottom of the foot. This causes heel pain, most often on the bottom of the heel.
What causes plantar fasciitis?
Many things can cause plantar fasciitis, but the most common causes are long periods of standing or walking on hard flat surfaces and a high body weight. A heel spur, a common finding in patients with plantar fasciitis, does not cause plantar fasciitis. There are many patients with a heel spur that do not have heel pain.
What are some common treatments for plantar fasciitis?
The most common treatments for plantar fasciitis are stretching (including night splints to help with the stretching), icing, anti-inflammatories (such as ibuprofen), inserts and cortisone injections. If plantar fasciitis does not respond to these treatments, a walker boot, autologous platelet concentration, or surgery may be needed.
What can I do to prevent plantar fasciitis?
Wearing supportive shoes and maintaining an ideal body weight are excellent ways to prevent plantar fasciitis. Stretching before an exercise routine also helps. Wearing any inserts/orthotics provided by the doctor is necessary for prevention, although these do vary from patient to patient.
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